Vol.72 No.1 (2020)
Compilation of the Topography by Kaibara Ekiken and the Formation of Ekiken’s Geographical Knowledge (1)
Ferry Distribution at the Lower Reaches of the Yellow River on the Former Japanese Military Maps (21)
Book Reviews (40)
Outline of Special Presentations in the 2019 Annual Meeting (50)
Submission Form (103)
Compilation of the Topography by Kaibara Ekiken and the Formation of Ekiken’s Geographical Knowledge
Graduate student, School of Letters, Kyoto Prefectural University
This paper examines the compilation process of Chikuzen-no-kuni syoku fudoki, the official topography of Chikuzen province by Kaibara Ekiken in the late 17th century, and clarifies its important role in the history of the official topographies of the Edo period. In addition, we discuss the relationship between his intellectual practices as a Confucian scholar and the politics of the Fukuoka Domain. Some historical documents including his diaries help to understand the compilation process. While some geographical information was collected to generate the topography using the Domain’s governance structure, others were accumulated from Ekiken’s original book collection. Furthermore, he expanded his geographical knowledge through his duty as an official scholar, such as sankin kotai. In particular, a unique network of Confucian scholars in Kyoto also helped in his intellectual activities, including compiling the topography. Although the characteristics of Chikuzenno-kuni syoku fudoki are adequately placed between the 17th and 18th centuries in the history of official topographies, in terms of format and policy, we confirm that the format of the topography derived from Ekiken’s intentions was inherited in the compilation of official topographies since the 19th century.
Key words: topography, Kaibara Ekiken, Chikuzen-no-kuni syoku fudoki, Fukuoka Domain, Edo period
Ferry Distribution at the Lower Reaches of the Yellow River on the Former Japanese Military Maps
Graduate student, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba
The former Japanese military maps are the most direct resources through which to learn about historical and geographical phenomenon. They are also crucial materials for research in the field of historical geography, regional studies, environmental sciences, etc. However, most of the previous research on the former Japanese military maps was mainly focused on the catalogue and their history. Based on this, the current paper studied the ferries on the lower reaches of the Yellow River that were recorded on these maps, by comparing them to the Mengjindu ferries, as recorded in the travel notes. This paper attempts to confirm the value and limitations of the former Japanese military maps and to rediscover the distribution of these ferries. This paper further studies the characteristics and the factors affecting their distribution. Three out of the four ferries recorded in the travel notes were identified in the maps, which recorded most but not all of the ferries. By recovering the Former Japanese military maps, 178 ferries were identified along the lower reaches of the Yellow River, which was distinct from the denser distribution in Shandong Province. There were fewer ferries along the water in Henan Province. The reasons for the imbalance in the distribution of ferries include the situation of river-way, rail transportation, roads that connect metropolitan (urban) areas and rural areas, as well as the density of periodic markets along the river.
Key words: former Japanese military maps, ferry, travel notes, lower reaches of the Yellow River, Shandong Province