Vol.71 No.1 (2019)
Management Policies for the Society’s Fiscal Years 2018–2020 (1)
Professor NARITA Kozo (3)
The Role of Publishers Guild Members in Publishing the Maps of Disaster Areas in Early Nineteenth Century Japan: A Case of the 1802 Floods of the Yodo River (7)
The Changing Process of Riverboats in the Kiso River and Land Ownership at River Port Sites in the Modern Age (29)
Book Reviews (52)
Outline of Special Presentations in the 2018 Annual Meeting (64)
Submission Form (122)
The Role of Publishers Guild Members in Publishing the Maps of Disaster Areas in Early Nineteenth Century Japan: A Case of the 1802 Floods of the Yodo River
College of Letters, Ritsumeikan University
This paper analyzes how the woodblock print maps of disaster areas were printed and revised by publishers who possessed the publication rights in the early nineteenth century, when the publisher’s guild operated. Sekka suison muramura kaiseizu, the map of the flooded area around the Yodo river in Settsu and Kawachi provinces, was published in Osaka after the floods of July 1802. Bibliographic analysis shows that the map went through three editions. Four publishers who were members of the guild officially printed the third edition. This occurred after one of the publishers bought the woodblock from another publisher, who did not have the license to publish but had printed the first and second editions. To enhance the credibility of the information, the publishers even indicated the name of the map maker who worked with the Osaka Machibugyo-syo, a department of administration of Osaka, and Settsu and Kawachi Provinces. In addition, one of the four publishers appealed to the guild to prevent another publisher from issuing a similar map of the flooded area before the release of the third edition. The former had the license to publish maps of the Yodo river and Osaka certified by the guild, which the latter did not possess. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, when the demand for disaster information was growing, the members of the guild dealt with the disaster information in great detail and with great accuracy. They handled the maps and geographical books, for which they held licenses to publish, and endeavored to control the rights to issue disaster information by publishers who were not members of the guild.
Key words: disaster information, map publishing, publisher, publishers guild, early modern period, Osaka
The Changing Process of Riverboats in the Kiso River and Land Ownership at River Port Sites in the Modern Age
Graduate student, School of Global Humanics, Chubu University
The purpose of this study was to clarify the change of river use by riverboats in modern times, as well as the accompanying regional economic changes. This study focused on changes in the influx of capital from the time of the pre-modern transportation network to the modern one. I first clarified how the use of the riverbank in the middle stretch of the Kiso River, which flows through four prefectures in Japan, changed with the introduction of railroads and other forms of transportation. Second, I analyzed concrete land use changes and changes in land ownership for the Dota port, which is a river port in the middle stretch of the Kiso river. The Dota port is a site that was affected by all the changes experienced by the county side during modern times. In the 1900s, when riverboats were used as a practical means of transportation, an ice-making area for producing natural ice, which was consumed in cities, was located in the Dota port. Since the 1910s, riverboats have gradually lost their role as a practical means of transportation, and since 1920, riverboats have been converted to tourism resources because of the influence of capital from Nagoya. However, in the 1940s, the Dota port was owned by the Kayaba Sangyou company in Tokyo, which was not involved with riverboats and the port was converted into a military factory. The results of this study suggest that the aforementioned changes in the usage patterns of the middle stretch of the Kiso River and the Dota port may reveal the process of reorganization of the regional transportation system in modern times.
Key words: river transport, river ports, tourism, land ownerships, modern times, the Kiso river