Vol.69 No.3 (2017)
Conservation Activities and Landownership in Coastal Forests: A Case Study in Fukutsu City, Fukuoka Prefecture（279）
A Survey of Geographical Studies in Japan, 2016 (303)
Landscape-Making Through National Ceremonies: A Case Study of the Kyoto Station Front in the Modern Era (373)
Book Reviews (396)
Meeting Reports (404)
Conservation Activities and Landownership in Coastal Forests: A Case Study in Fukutsu City, Fukuoka Prefecture
Graduate student, School of Humanities, Kyushu University; JSPS Research Fellow
This study focuses on the effect of landownership on the conservation activities of coastal forests in Fukutsu City, Fukuoka Prefecture. In the national forests, it is difficult for resident groups to operate if their preferences of vegetation do not fit with the national forest plan. The groups must obey the plan even if they were able to operate. Meanwhile, the local government is often reluctant to implement its original public projects due to landownership of national forests. Among the public forests, resident groups can hold conservation activities on the basis of their ingenuity. Among the private forests, the local government and resident groups end up forcing their public projects or conservation activities upon the long-lost landowners without consensus due to the public benefit. However, this study proved that the strength of the effect caused by landownership, which appeared as microscale differences in the forest landscape, was different because of the relationships between the actors. Therefore, landownership affects conservation activities along with the relationships between the actors. Considering the increase in poor forestry management and the participation of non-owners in forest conservation activities in Japan, analyses of the relationships between the actors and landowners are essential when researching these activities. Moreover, these analytical perspectives enable us to describe the mechanism of conservation activities more clearly and review the existing geographical or political ecological studies on forestry in a contemporary context.
Key words: pine, national forest, local autonomous organization, relationship between actors, Fukutsu City
Landscape-Making Through National Ceremonies: A Case Study of the Kyoto Station Front in the Modern Era
Graduate student, School of Humanities, Kobe University
This study investigates the transformation of the Kyoto station front as a result of Tennou no Sokui Tairei (enthronement ceremonies) during the modern era through the use of the analytical concept of “landscape- making.” Prior to the enthronement ceremony of the Taisho Emperor (Taisho Tairei), no permanent buildings had been built around the station front. After Taisho Tairei, commercial rivalries resulted in the emergence of Western-style buildings around the station front. After the enthronement ceremony of the Showa Emperor (Showa Tairei), the construction of Western-style buildings developed; however, concerns regarding the necessity to preserve the landscape also arose simultaneously. Thus, a conflict over the landscape around the Kyoto station front clearly existed. After Showa Tairei, the landscape around the station front was shaped by this conflict, which involved many actors. This study reveals the following: first, the establishment of Kyoto as a “tourist city” as a consequence of national ceremonies was ridden with conflict. Throughout the process, various interests were combined, and some practices stood idle. Second, the study reveals that such conflicts cemented the uniqueness of Kyoto as a “tourist city.” Many actors involved in the conflicts contributed to develop “landscape-making” of the station front. In the process, the landscape around the station front helped to create the uniqueness of Kyoto.
Key words: national ceremony, landscape-making, emperor system, tourist city, Kyoto station front